## Individual Independent Projects (Lesson 12, Culminating Lesson)

Students will plan, gather research materials and create a project of their choice. In doing so student will learn proper research methods (i.e., reliable sources) and how to categorize and translate information. In addition students will become comfortable and familiar presenting information to others. Lastly, students will also learn how to create a rubric for self evaluation.

The purpose of this lesson is to allow students to choose an area of interest regarding solar power and research it further in a manner of their choice. Students will produce a final product to display or share at the “Salute to the Sun” culminating event at the end of the school year. View full description >>

## Insulation (Lesson 9)

Students will learn that they can increase the temperature inside of their solar ovens with insulation. Students will determine what makes a good insulator. Students will make observations about different types of insulators. Students will discuss real world examples of insulators.

Students will learn about the importance of insulation in a solar oven. They will use their own background knowledge, as well as observations of insulation used to contain thermal energy, and determine how this will be incorporated into solar ovens. View full description >>

## Integrating Solar Power (Lesson 5)

Students will create voltage regulator and construct a solar battery charger.

At this point students should have a working robotic sunflower that will track the sun with 2 degrees of freedom. This next lesson powers the whole system with a photovoltaic module. A Zener diode is used to charge a 6V motorcycle battery which then supplies a voltage regulator which in turn supplies the 5V needed by the microprocessor. View full description >>

## Introduction to Circuits (Lesson 2)

By the end of these two lessons students should be able to:

1. Create a simple circuit on their own when given the appropriate materials.

2. Diagram the flow of electrons within a circuit.

3. Differentiate between series and parallel circuits.

This lesson begins with students having hands-on experiences creating electrical circuits using a battery, wires, and a light bulb. Students will learn that electricity is the flow of electrons, and how

## Introduction to Energy (Lesson 1)

• Students will be able to name and describe at least 5 kinds of energy

• Students will be able to identify and explain simple energy transformations

This lesson will introduce students to each of the different types of energy using PowerPoint slides, partner activities, and hands-on experiences with different kinds of energy including: batteries (chemical

## Introduction to the Photovoltaic Effect (Lesson 1)

Students will be able to describe the basic structure of a photovoltaic solar cell. Students will be able to outline or summarize how solar cells produce electricity. Students will be able to explain why silicon, boron and phosphorous are most often used to construct solar cells.

This lesson begins with basic chemistry with regards to atomic structure. The lesson then moves to understanding the special properties of silicon as a photoelectric semi- conductor. Building on this, the basic structure of photovoltaic solar cells is described in detail. View full description >>

## Lerato Cooks Up a Plan (Lesson 7)

Students will identify a real world problem that can be solved using solar energy. Students determine how the sun can be harnessed without generating electricity from it.

The teacher will begin reading aloud the realistic fiction book, “Lerato Cooks Up a Plan” from Engineering is Elementary. In this book, a young girl from Botswana learns science ideas that help her design a solar oven for her family. Students will reflect on the story in their notebooks. View full description >>

## Lesson 1: When the Grid Goes Down and Stays Down

Students will understand the general structure of an energy grid

Students will develop an understanding of the living conditions in Puerto Rico after Hurricane Maria

Students will collaborate to brainstorm needs to support safety, health and comfort in a natural disaster setting.

Students will identify energy resources that one might desire to have in order meet the needs they identify.

Through an examination of media published in the five months following Hurricane Maria in 2017, students will develop an understanding of the electrical grid, the vulnerabilities of a grid system, and the

## Lesson 2: Developing a Model of Thermal Energy, Atoms, and Molecules

Students will develop a model through collaborative inquiry to explain thermal kinetic energy and predict the outcome when heat is added to a substance.

Students will build argumentation from evidence skills through collaborative sense-making and gallery walk presentations.

Students will develop a model of atomic and molecular structures.

Through a series of exploration and inquiry activities, students will explain kinetic molecular theory, atomic, and molecular structures. Students will be challenged to gradually increase the precision of

## Lesson 3: Fuels and PV Cells

Students explore the conservation of mass in chemical reactions by observing and modeling combustion reactions and exploring the essential question/phenomena, “is all fire the same?”

Students will use information resources and a 3D model of a PV cell to understand how solar modules generate electricity. “How do PV cells make electricity?”

Students will construct circuits to explore PV modules and variables involved in powering devices.

Students evaluate, revise, and justify the energy resources suggested on an emergency preparedness supply list.

Students will return to the phenomena of energy resources to support safety, health, and comfort in an emergency situation. They will distinguish between how common materials provide energy and develop an